The Butler Lordship

James (1390-1452), 4th Earl of Ormond, was a major figure in Ireland where he served as chief governor for long periods. Because of his high status, the fourth earl would have made extensive improvements to his many properties including his castle at Kilkenny. The building of a rectangular tower abutting the circular north tower is possibly from this period. This would have provided more spacious and comfortable lodgings for his family.

Genealogy of the 2nd Duke of Ormonde #2